Just like many other forms of Arthritis, the rheumatoid kind is also characterised by pains that are majorly due to inflammations. Victims of this disease often complain of stiffness and chronic pains in the affected areas of the body. In most cases, patients are unable to comfortably engage in day-to-day activities that are physically demanding.
According to experts in the field of medical science, Rheumatoid Arthritis is described as inflammation, an autoimmune disease which ails multiple joints in the body. Based on recent scientific findings, the disease often affects hands, wrists, and knees joints. One distinguishing feature of rheumatoid arthritis from other forms of arthritis is in how the inflammations are caused. There is sufficient scientific evidence that correlates autoimmune problems with this condition: the immune system attacks healthy body cells mistakenly causing inflammations of joints (Firestein, 2003). Therefore, the problem is with the immune cells rather than the joints.
How Can Red light Therapy Help with Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Recent advancement in medical technology, the use of red light therapy, has brought relief to many of the patients suffering from different forms of arthritis, more specifically those ailing from the rheumatoid kind of arthritis. The use of Red light therapy has brought multiple benefits including reduction of inflammation and healing of chronic pains (Brosseau et. al, 2000). Many patients have reported significant changes within the first 3 therapy sessions. Several explanations have been put forth to explain how this technology achieve such tremendous results within a very short period.
According to recent studies, red light or near infrared light of 740-850nm has been found to have the ability to penetrate the skin and cause a modulation of the immune cells thus reducing the impact of immune cells mistakenly attacking healthy body cells. Scientific evidence shows a correlation between the ability of the body to convert glucose to energy and arthritis (Kuboyama et. al, 2014). Boosting mitochondrion activity which produces among other products ATP, the energy-carrying molecule to the cells and tissues of our bodies, often speeds up healing from arthritis.
The use of Red light is also effective in promoting the production of ATP in the mitochondria. Red light is known to dissociate Nitric Oxide (NO) from the cells. Based on medical findings, NO is known to reduce respiration hence its release from the cells boosts energy production. This stimulates vasodilation meaning blood circulation within the body is improved. More nutrients and oxygen reach the body cells and tissues helping to deal with inflammation (Gale et. al, 2006). The pain and morning stiffness caused by rheumatoid arthritis can be reduced significantly and sometimes relieved by red light therapy. This is due to its ability to stimulate the production of collagen and rebuilding cartilage.
Brosseau, L., Welch, V., Wells, G., Tugwell, P., Gam, A., Harman, K., & Morin, M. (2000). Low level laser therapy for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis: a metaanalysis.
Firestein, G. S. (2003). Evolving concepts of rheumatoid arthritis. Nature, 423(6937), 356.
Gale, G. D., Rothbart, P. J., & Li, Y. (2006). Infrared therapy for chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled trial. Pain Research and Management, 11(3), 193-196.
Kuboyama, N., Ohta, M., Sato, Y., & Abiko, Y. (2014). Anti-inflammatory activities of light emitting diode irradiation on collagen-induced arthritis in mice (a secondary publication). Laser therapy, 23(3), 191-199.